[124], The 1911 theft of the Mona Lisa and its subsequent return was reported worldwide, leading to a massive increase in public recognition of the painting. [37], There has been much speculation regarding the painting's model and landscape. "[38] Some art historians in Eastern art, such as Yukio Yashiro, argue that the landscape in the background of the picture was influenced by Chinese paintings,[39] but this thesis has been contested for lack of clear evidence. Some researchers claim that it was common at this time for genteel women to pluck these hairs, as they were considered unsightly. In 1859, Théophile Gautier wrote that the Mona Lisa was a "sphinx of beauty who smiles so mysteriously" and that "Beneath the form expressed one feels a thought that is vague, infinite, inexpressible. Avec "La Joconde", j’étais persuadé que ce n’était pas possible car elle a les bras pliés contrairement aux Playmobil. Because of the painting's overwhelming stature, Dadaists and Surrealists often produce modifications and caricatures. Technique Mine graphite sur héliogravure. To compensate for fluctuations in relative humidity, the case is supplemented with a bed of silica gel treated to provide 55% relative humidity. La Joconde (1503-1506). Certains spécialistes annoncent une date comprise entre 1503 et 1506, d’autres l’attribuent à une période plus tardive, allant de 1513 à 1519. And she's almost drowned in a sprinkler malfunction", "The Louvre, the most visited museum in the world (01.15)", "Culture – Could France sell the Mona Lisa to pay off its debts? Sometime between 1888 and 1905, or perhaps during the picture's theft, the upper brace fell out. It holds the Guinness World Record for the highest known insurance valuation in history at US$100 million in 1962[11] (equivalent to $660 million in 2019). [22] Isabella of Aragon,[23] Cecilia Gallerani,[24] Costanza d'Avalos, Duchess of Francavilla,[22] Isabella d'Este, Pacifica Brandano or Brandino, Isabela Gualanda, Caterina Sforza, Bianca Giovanna Sforza—even Salaì and Leonardo himself—are all among the list of posited models portrayed in the painting. The listing details are highly structured, using a special vocabulary, which allows for very specific and accurate searches, helped as well by the index. Il est d’usage de parler de la Joconde comme d’une œuvre que Léonard de Vinciinvité par le roi François Ier aurait amenée avec lui en France. Considered an archetypal masterpiece of the Italian Renaissance,[4][5] it has been described as "the best known, the most visited, the most written about, the most sung about, the most parodied work of art in the world". Vasari's account of the Mona Lisa comes from his biography of Leonardo published in 1550, 31 years after the artist's death. 00000075866. Son plus célèbre tableau, le portrait de Mona Lisa, a été réalisé en superposant plusieurs couches de peinture, reproduisant le modelé et le rendu de la peau avec un réalisme incroyable. [14][15] It is believed by some that the Mona Lisa was begun in 1503 or 1504 in Florence. [18][20] In French, the title La Joconde has the same meaning. ", "Second Mona Lisa Unveiled for First Time in 40 Years", "The Isleworth Mona Lisa: A second Leonardo masterpiece? Elle ne prend résidence au Louvre qu’en 1797. [142] Some experts, including Frank Zöllner, Martin Kemp and Luke Syson denied the attribution;[143][144] professors such as Salvatore Lorusso, Andrea Natali,[145] and John F Asmus supported it;[146] others like Alessandro Vezzosi and Carlo Pedretti were uncertain. When an object created after the 19th century has no image this is most often for copyright reasons. [31], The painting was one of the first portraits to depict the sitter in front of an imaginary landscape, and Leonardo was one of the first painters to use aerial perspective. In response to warping and swelling experienced during its storage during World War II, and to prepare the picture for an exhibit to honour the anniversary of Leonardo's 500th birthday, the Mona Lisa was fitted in 1951 with a flexible oak frame with beech crosspieces. The woman appears alive to an unusual extent, which Leonardo achieved by his method of not drawing outlines (sfumato). [141] It is a painting of the same subject as Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa. PAPEETE, le 20 août 2019 - La disparition de l’un des plus fameux tableaux de l’histoire ne date pas d’hier mais de 1911. The work involved cleaning with spirits, touch-up of colour, and revarnishing the painting. Profitant de la fermeture du musée, il s'approche de La Joconde sans difficulté. [104] As of 2019, about 10.2 million people view the painting at the Louvre each year. It has long been the best-known source of information on the provenance of the work and identity of the sitter. Originally just for objects from the fine arts and decorative arts, in 2004 Joconde was united with what had been separate databases for objects from archeology and ethnology. S'il y a bien une toile de maître incontournable au Louvre, c'est la Joconde, l'œuvre la plus célèbre en peinture de même que Les Esclaves de Michel-Ange peuvent l'être en sculpture. ", "The 'Prado Mona Lisa' – The Mona Lisa Foundation", "Da Vinci's Mona Lisa Entering the Next Dimension", Tweened animated gif of Mona Lisa and Prado version, "Depth Perception and the History of Three-Dimensional Art: Who Produced the First Stereoscopic Images? Duchamp added an inscription, which when read out loud in French sounds like "Elle a chaud au cul" meaning: "she has a hot ass", implying the woman in the painting is in a state of sexual excitement and intended as a Freudian joke. [20], Peruggia was an Italian patriot who believed that Leonardo's painting should have been returned to an Italian museum. [118] Andy Warhol created serigraph prints of multiple Mona Lisas, called Thirty Are Better than One, following the painting's visit to the United States in 1963. Denizard was directed to clean the picture without solvent, and to lightly touch up several scratches to the painting with watercolour. The Mona Lisa (/ˌmoʊnə ˈliːsə/; Italian: Monna Lisa [ˈmɔnna ˈliːza] or La Gioconda [la dʒoˈkonda]; French: La Joconde [la ʒɔkɔ̃d]) is a half-length portrait painting by Italian artist Leonardo da Vinci. [14], The Mona Lisa bears a strong resemblance to many Renaissance depictions of the Virgin Mary, who was at that time seen as an ideal for womanhood. [62], The record of an October 1517 visit by Louis d'Aragon states that the Mona Lisa was executed for the deceased Giuliano de' Medici, Leonardo's steward at the Belvedere Palace between 1513 and 1516[65][66][b]—but this was likely an error. A later restorer glued and lined the resulting socket and crack with cloth. "Possibly it was another portrait of which no record and no copies exist—Giuliano de' Medici surely had nothing to do with the. Pourquoi La Joconde a-t-elle une renommée mondiale aussi exceptionnelle, exprimant la peinture en général et l'idéal féminin en particulier ? Accrochée dans le Salon Carré du Louvre, elle connaissait déjà un certain succès, protégée par un verre inséré dans le cadre. Après un siècle de relative tranquillité, la Joconde est volée le 21 août 1911. In the mid-18th century to early 19th century, two butterfly-shaped walnut braces were inserted into the back of the panel to a depth of about one third the thickness of the panel. Subsequently, on 21 April 1974, while the painting was on display at the Tokyo National Museum, a woman sprayed it with red paint as a protest against that museum's failure to provide access for disabled people. The title of the painting, though traditionally spelled Mona (as used by Vasari),[12] is also commonly spelled in modern Italian as Monna Lisa (mona being a vulgarity in some Italian dialects), but this is rare in English. [135] The Prado's conclusion that the painting is probably by Salaì (1480–1524) or by Melzi (1493–1572) has been called into question by others. [123] The Mona Lisa was regarded as "just another Leonardo until early last century, when the scandal of the painting's theft from the Louvre and subsequent return kept a spotlight on it over several years. [99][100], The picture is kept under strict, climate-controlled conditions in its bulletproof glass case. [131] Former director Henri Loyrette reckoned that "80 percent of the people only want to see the Mona Lisa. [34][35] In 2007, French engineer Pascal Cotte announced that his ultra-high resolution scans of the painting provide evidence that Mona Lisa was originally painted with eyelashes and with visible eyebrows, but that these had gradually disappeared over time, perhaps as a result of overcleaning. Selon lui, le peintre aurait présenté au prélat napolitain, lors d'une visite au Château du Clos Lucé le 10 octobre 1517, une peinture représentant « une certaine dame florentine faite au naturel sur les instances de feu le Magnifique Julien de Médicis ». Une chose est sûre, le peintre la conservera auprès de lui de son vivant, ne s’en séparant jamais, avant que François 1er ne l’acquière. Dimensions 61,5 x 49,5 cm Impression : 48 x 33 cm. About this we are now certain. One is moved, troubled ... repressed desires, hopes that drive one to despair, stir painfully." [129], In 1974, the painting was exhibited in Tokyo and Moscow. That Leonardo painted such a work, and its date, were confirmed in 2005 when a scholar at Heidelberg University discovered a marginal note in a 1477 printing of a volume by ancient Roman philosopher Cicero. [77] The painting was first missed the next day by painter Louis Béroud. [114][115], The avant-garde art world has made note of the Mona Lisa's undeniable popularity. L'histoire de La Joconde demeure obscure : ni l'identité du modèle, ni la commande du portrait, ni le temps pendant lequel Léonard y travailla, voire le conserva, ni encore les circonstances de son entrée dans la collection royale française ne sont des faits clairement établis. [116] According to Rhonda R. Shearer, the apparent reproduction is in fact a copy partly modelled on Duchamp's own face.[117]. Salvador Dalí, famous for his surrealist work, painted Self portrait as Mona Lisa in 1954. Experts universally agree that it is based on Leonardo's portrait. L'attribution du dessin à l'entourage de Léonard de Vinci se fonde à l'origine sur le témoignage d'Antonio de Beatis, secrétaire du cardinal Louis d'Aragon. [45] Although the Louvre states that it was "doubtless painted between 1503 and 1506",[8] art historian Martin Kemp says that there are some difficulties in confirming the dates with certainty. [21] Several other women have been proposed as the subject of the painting. Le 16 octobre, la Joconde devrait regagner ses pénates, juste avant l’ouverture, le 24, de la grande exposition consacrée à Léonard, qui promet encore une affluence record. [91][92][93] Cotte admits that his investigation was only carried out only in support of his hypotheses and should not be considered as definitive proof. "La Joconde est Retrouvée" ("Mona Lisa is Found").

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